ESD Workshop for the 2nd cohort of Model Centers in Kenya
The facilitator of this session, Mrs. Christine Owinyi, took members through a stand up activity. Members were paired and then asked to look at their counterparts and make observations. She again asked members to make changes on their appearance and observe the changes made.
The lessons were then drawn
Always appreciate learners.
Use positive criticism to change behavior.
Human beings are inherently resistant to change.
Members then came up with a few essential agreements.
INTRODUCTION TO EDUCATION FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
THE CONCEPT OF ESD.
What is ESD?
-The facilitator started by asking members to explain and give illustrations/ impressions and vision of their schools either by drawing or using figures to illustrate.
-Members were then asked to give their views on what they understand by ESD
-Members were then asked if their schools are part of the community and to mention some of the activities the schools get involved in the community. This is a question that was well responded to.
-Members were then asked to describe the environment around their schools and describe the environment in the community around the schools. A teacher from Elgeyo Marakwet escarpment County responded by saying his school is located on the slopes of Elgeyo Marakwet escarpments with a beautiful green vegetation. He said that afforestation was going on in and out of the schools.
-Members were asked if their schools have economic activities in their schools i.e. anything that generates income for the school/ of economic benefit. Sister Mary Stephen responded by giving an example of her school that has;
Bakery to make bread.
-The facilitator called for learner involvement in all projects of ESD. She emphasized on the need of learners being at the centre of ESD and maximum benefiting.
THE INTER-RELATION BETWEEN THE SOCIAL, ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTS SPHERES
The facilitator started by showing/displaying images of dumping sites full of garbage and plastic and asked members probing questions over the same.
She went ahead to show images of deforested areas/ trees cut down.
From this, members picked lessons that when you cut a tree, you should plant more and do a follow up after planting.
Another image of industrial waste being emitted to water bodies was also shown and the need to conserve water was emphasized here.
The next image to be displayed was that of a refugee camp. The effect of refugee camps/activities on the environment was extensively discussed.
A quote from Robert Swan, author, further explained this;
‘’The greatest threat to our planet is the belief that someone else will save it.
The facilitator defined sustainable development as development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.
Sustainability is a balanced solution.
If you consider the 3 aspects to be overlapping circles of the same size, the area of overlap in the circle is the human being.
The facilitator defined ESD as education that aims to empower and equip current and future generations to meet their needs using a balanced and integrated approach to the economic, social and environment dimensions of sustainable development. [UNESCO, 2018]
Education must encourage changes in knowledge, skills, values and attitudes to enable a more sustainable and just society for all.
There has to be change process involving all of us in thinking critically and creativity about the future.
The facilitator insisted on a paradigm shift that must involve the head, the heart and the hands.
She highlighted the seven golden rules of sustainability known as 7Rs:
The facilitator ended by reminding members that ESD is a way of life.
Causes of poor performance
Lack of planning
Lack of student monitoring
Little parental involvement
Lack of physical activities.
Flecs stand for learning in education through crafts and skills.
Literacy and languages
Science and innovation.
MAINSTREAMING SDGS AND GCE IN THE SCHOOLS IN KENYA THROUGH THE ESD POLICY FOR EDUCATION
The facilitator, Christine Owinyi, started by emphasizing that the main reason why people are here is facilitation and not training, critical thinking, imagination and creativity.
She started by talking about the sustainable development goals.
The word is focused on achieving this by 2030.
Through a pictorial display the facilitator explained the vision of Kenya within the global context.
Through this we learned that
You identify what you want
Go for it, avoid distractors
We must be united in our differences.
She defined development as the process of gradually becoming bigger, better, stronger or most advanced and sustenance is the ability to make a thing continue to happen for a long time.
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT CHALLENGES
Societal challenges – poor governance
Economic challenges – unemployment
wasteful products system
environment challenges – loss of bio diversity
She then focused on sustainable development goals i.e.
Good health and well- being
Quality education -this goal has a target
The facilitator focused 4.1
The workshop was officially opened by the Director General at 1:05pm. The Deputy Director, KEMI, welcomed all members present and recognized the county representatives and panels of all the 20 counties invited. The deputy director KEMI appreciated the effort made by all stakeholders. He also recognized the ESD model centre, Nairobi County and appreciated them.
The deputy director the welcomed the director KEMI
The director started by welcoming all members to KEMI and urged members to feel free and at home.
She said that KEMI is a semi-autonomous governmental agency that operates under the ministry of education. She said what KEMI does on behalf of the ministry. KEMI has programmes such as:
State department of training of skills and post graduate
Education management course
Courses for bursars & accountants
Student leadership course
Courses for private schools (directors, Admin, Teachers)
She said that ESD is designed for schools & has targeted the BOM, Teachers, Principal, Students etc. this would want these people to go and start a project.
The director then welcomed the chief guest. The guest introduced herself as Madam Hellen Avisa. She represented the director general, ministry of education.
She said that ESD is Key to our lives and we should let ESD have an impact on our lives by practicing. She then read the speech of the director general, ministry of education. The chief guest then officially opened the session.
The moderator introduced the facilitator as Peris Kiprono. She started by informing the members that she brings forth a rich experience from Israel. She started by saying that Israel embraces Agri-tech and capital intensive agriculture and that the land is a desert.
She started by sharing photos of Bethlehem in Israel, their roads, visited the farms they saw drip irrigation, vegetation garden, research institute, hydroponic farming.
She gave a quote
“Agriculture is the first mission of human kind and it is the most honest, efficient and noble profession a person can engage in.
Areas to explore for ESD model centers
Planting of medicinal trees/ plants
Hydroponic farming – semi –arid areas
Planting crops in green houses
using organism – using insects to destroy diseases
Things to avoid
Using plastic bags/containers
Layers of chicken should be destroyed immediately they are through with laying
Do not show learners face
Online collaboration & networking with schools
Collaboration &networking (St. Mary’s Nakuru)
EXPERIENCE OF ST. MARY’S NAKURU
Went to Israel in 2015
The curriculum there is ESD
Learning is mainly hands on
She did networking with schools they visited
Pairing with another school
EXPERIENCE OF VISA OSHWAL
Global project for the whole world
Malaria & mosquito prevention
Decongesting cities on traffic jam
Support from parents/students
Research on their own
A small school
Waste water planted hydrophytes
A science demonstration garden
ESD – make use of trees
Spinach used by staff
-No use of chemical – green & garlic Soaked for seven days & sprayed on vegetables
Drip irrigation- a hole is made
Farms going the staircase way.
The future isn’t what it used to be due to :
GARSEN HIGH SCHOOL
One of the model school
It is a dry/semi-arid area
The parents pay fees in form of goals
They also practice dry irrigation
Chinese sea drip irrigation pipes at Naivasha
Reduce wastages – harvest rain water
Re –use of plastic bottles
Repair of shoes
Recycle sewage water
Refuse to be tribalistic & corrupt among others
The day started with praise and worship which was led by the students. This was well done. Sister Mary Stephen shared the word of God and later on prayed. She shared on sustainability.
The class president welcomed all members present and thanked the students worship team and sister for the job well done. She then welcomed Dr. Mary Otieno to address the topic mindset change towards ESD.
MINDSET CHANGE TOWARDS ESD
The facilitator started by introducing herself and giving background information of what she has done in sustainable development.
The facilitator started by giving a group activity. Teachers were asked to identify three challenges that make their work difficult or challenging. They came up with the following:
Inadequate resources (Both learning and physical) may hinder learning.
The teacher – student ratio is a big challenge. The number of learners is big while the teaching staff in schools is under- staffed
Negative attitude i.e. -VE attitude by learners towards teacher, teachers to learners, parents to learners, parents to learning.
Drugs and substance abuse among learners and teachers is a big challenge.
ICT illiteracy among learners and teachers affects learning
The issue of teacher performance appraisal document (TPAD)
The cultural and religious background of both learners and teachers affect learning.
Our system of education is examination oriented and emphasis on cramming.
Ignorance to the teachers service commission () TSC) code of regulation and ethics.
The learners were asked to discuss some of the things that can make them learn and be comfortable or rather what will ensure them success. They talked about :-
A conducive learning environment both at home and school i.e. peace, resource
Support from teachers and parents (both moral & material).
Determination towards success.
High level of discipline & specifically self-discipline.
Dignity among learners will lead to success i.e. honesty, obedience
Good health through balanced diets should be ensured.
Proper time management by learners.
Balance between academic work and co-curricular activity
Self-awareness/ self –efficacy i.e. knowing oneself & self-belief.
Communication between learners & teachers – proper channels should be ensure.
Perseverance to the inadequacies.
Both extrinsic and intrinsic motivation.
The facilitators then asked members on what they are doing or could do to solve the challenges in schools.
They talked of
Get partnership with NGOs, CDF and get links to solve the resources challenge.
Use technology to monitor the students’ discipline. For example installation of CCTV cameras and link them to mobile phones
The BOMs should employ teachers to address the issue of understaffing.
Hold several meetings with parents and stakeholders to enhance discipline.
Allow students to elect their leaders democratically
Adequate consultations when formulating policies and laws
Motivate teachers & learners
Make use of resources – for example maize stalks. This involves recycling resources
Create conducive learning environment- minimize sending students home for fees, hold fundraisers to help raise fees for the vulnerable, teachers to employ discovery learning.
The facilitator drew the following as key concepts of mindset
Analyze whether it works in your environment
Lead the strategy
She then posted questions. Is education a good thing?
Is education part of the solution or part of the problem?
She then talked about a sustainable school by giving its features:-
Should provide an holistic education programme
Using a framework or guided price for facilitating cultural & behavioral change towards ESD.
She concluded by going through the ten steps
Make a commitment. Form a committee
Adopt a whole school approach involving students, involve parents